Head and lateral line erosion (HLLE) is a chronic condition in fish that stems from the lateral line, which is a linear sense organ running along both sides of most fish just below the surface of the skin, usually marked externally by a series of pores that open out through the scales. Close inspection of affected fish may reveal small pits in the epidermis (skin) around the head and lateral line progressing to large, usually non-hemorrhagic (non-bleeding) ulcers.
Category Pet health
We live our lives surrounded by various poisons and toxic substances, which can lead to potential illness in our pets. Poisoning is a common problem in dogs and cats due to their curious nature, indiscriminate diets and the intentional administration by a well-meaning owner. Poison and toxin are terms commonly used interchangeably but do have slightly different meanings.
Malocclusion, the medical term for improper alignment of the teeth, is one of the most common veterinary problems seen in small mammals whose teeth continuously grow throughout their lives. Some species affected with malocclusion include rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters, gerbils, rats, mice and chinchillas.
Throughout their lives, reptiles shed their skin. This is a normal event and, if kept in the proper environment, most reptiles have no problems. In snakes, the shedded skin is often removed in a single piece. In many lizards, skin is shed is pieces. Turtles and tortoises intermittently shed scutes and skin.
One of the most important things you can do after knowing you want a certain dog breed is to choose a good breeder? But how do you choose a good breeder? What do you look for or ask? Ask lots of question. Here are a couple questions to consider: 1. Ask to meet the parents. If possible, meet the puppy's parents.
Breeding birds is not as simple as it sounds, and breeding your cockatiel is a decision that should only be made after a lot of research and talking with experienced breeders. To safeguard the health of your bird and his or her offspring, you need to be able to handle any situation you encounter. Make sure you have the time and money necessary, as well as easy access to an experienced avian veterinarian.
The best diet for parrots consists mostly of pellets, supplemented with “table food.” These birds need foods from the bread/cereal, vegetable and protein (meat) groups - just as humans do. Dairy products aren't necessary, although some owners do feed them to their birds in small amounts. Fruit is mostly sugar and supplies few essential nutrients to birds.
Diabetes mellitus is a disorder involving blood sugar and insulin. Glucose (sugar) is the basic substance that supplies energy to the body, and it circulates in the blood until insulin carries it into the cells, where it is metabolized and used for energy. Without the carrying properties of insulin, the glucose cannot be utilized and the body becomes ill.
Most of us keep a variety of medicines at home for those occasions when we are sick or injured, but did you know there are some important medicines to keep on hand if your cat is not well? Here are some of the commonly used items you should have on hand in your cat's medicine chest. Be sure to check with your veterinarian before giving any medicines to your cat.
The day after Thanksgiving kicks off the Christmas holiday season, and millions of homes sport either real or faux trees - glittering towers of beauty that can pose a threat to your pets. Before you put the tree up, take a few moments to go over some safety precautions. 1. Choose the Right Spot. Pick an area where the tree can be enjoyed by the family without becoming a “climbing toy” for your pet.
Injecting your cat with medicine is probably the least fun way to follow doctor's orders, since most likely it's required on a continual basis. Diseases such as diabetes or allergies often require injectable medications but following your vet's guidelines will help ensure that your cat is happy and healthy for a long time.
Christmas, New Year's, Hanukkah, Kwanzaa - and all the celebrations they entail pose safety problems for pets. Aside from the overexcitement and confusion caused by too many guests, there are purely physical problems: A cat can singe a tail on a candle or can swallow tinsel and wind up with an intestinal blockage that may need surgery to repair.
As spring approaches, we tend to look forward to the end of winter and the rebirth of the earth. Snow melts, trees begin to bud, baby birds and bunnies abound, and sprigs of new plants begin pushing through the earth. We can't wait to spend time outdoors. Your pet may be as excited as you to frolic in the outdoors, especially after the year's long winter.
Overview of Urinary Obstructions in Cats Is your cat suddenly making frequent trips to the litter box? Is he straining or meowing when he tries to urinate? He may be affected by lower urinary tract disease, most commonly in the forms of urinary obstruction and feline idiopathic cystitis. Feline urinary obstruction (UO), commonly referred to as a urinary blockage or to your cat as a “blocked cat”, is an acute obstruction of the urinary tract.
Understanding Obesity in Cats A fat cat has the image of opulent luxury, contentment and happiness. But in reality, fat cats face serious health risks, lower quality of life and even depression. There are many reasons why pets (and people) become obese, but they really fall under two main categories: our pets eat too much and do not exercise enough.
Few things concern pet owners more than seeing symptoms that may lead to a sick cat or kitten. When your cat's eyes are dilated, when she's feeling lethargic or when you think you're seeing symptoms of a more serious feline disease, it can be paralyzing. So, how do you decide what's serious and what is normal as your cat ages?
Doctor, My cat has hypertension (high blood pressure) and is controlled with a medication called Amlodipine. She is doing great. My question is, can she have catnip? Is catnip bad for her if she has hypertension? Ann S., Newark, Ohio Hi Ann, What an interesting question. There is still a lot of mystery surrounding catnip regarding how and why it affects cats.
Just like with people, a cat's calorie needs depend on several factors. Calories, the technical term for energy from food, are required for essential processes such as digestion, respiration, nervous and circulatory system control, and other normal bodily functions. In addition to the body's basic needs for everyday life, a cat's daily intake is determined by their age, sex, activity level, and body condition.
Medication errors are common in human medicine and veterinary medicine alike. Despite our best efforts, I've seen even experts make mistakes. Today I'd like to discuss a few aspects of medication errors in dogs and cats so you can understand why they happen. Before I go any further, let me introduce myself for those of you that don't know me.
Ah, a quiet, peaceful Sunday morning. You go outside with your morning coffee to listen to the chirping of the birds as they bustle around the feeders so carefully placed. The only problem is, they're all next door at the neighbors, as if the avian world has boycotted your home! What are they doing right to be getting such rave reviews in the language of birds?